1. About

1.1 What is GiftBTE?

GiftBTE is a powerful tool designed to investigate submicron heat conduction. At the submicron scale, the characteristic length of heat conduction becomes comparable to the phonon mean free path, rendering the macroscopic Fourier’s law inapplicable. Instead, at this scale, the phonon Boltzmann transport equation accurately describes heat conduction. GiftBTE employs numerical methods to solve this equation and simulates submicron heat conduction. It takes phonon properties from first-principles simulations as input and provides a built-in database for some materials. Additionally, GiftBTE offers an interface with two external unstructured mesh generators. The tool is easy to use, as it only requires an environment with g++, MPI, and Cmake.

Video Links (in Chinese): GiftBTE软件教程-1:软件简介

1.2 Features


  • Deterministic solver of phonon Boltzmann transport equation

  • Applicable to any crystalline materials and structures

  • Applicable to steady-state and transient problem

  • Interface to ShengBTE, ALAMODE, GMSH, COMSOL, and Paraview packages

  • Mainly written in C++, parallelized in MPI


  • Computing thermal conductivity of nanostructures such as nano-porous media, superlattice, nanowires, nano-composite

  • Predicting temperature rise in transistors

  • Simulating laser heating process

  • Other submicron heat conduction problems



Code structure

1.4 License

This software is distributed under the GNU General Public License v3.0 license. See the LICENSE.txt file for license rights and limitations.

1.5 How to cite GiftBTE

Please cite the following papers when you use GiftBTE:

Yue Hu, Ru Jia, Jiaxuan Xu, Yufei Sheng, Minhua Wen, James Lin, Yongxing Shen, Hua Bao, GiftBTE: An efficient deterministic solver for non-gray phonon Boltzmann transport equation, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (2023). https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/acfdea.

Hu, Yue, Yongxing Shen, Hua Bao, Ultra-efficient and parameter-free computation of submicron thermal transport with phonon Boltzmann transport equation, Fundamental Research (2022). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fmre.2022.06.007.

1.6 Issues & Bug report

In either case, please search for the previous questions and read the FAQ page of this document before asking.

1.7 Acknowledgment

This project is/was partially supported by the following projects:

  • National Key R & D Project from Ministery of Science and Technology of China (Grant No. 2022YFA1203100)

  • National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 52122606)

1.8 Contributors & Contact

Authors: Yue Hu, Ru Jia, Jiaxuan Xu, Yufei Sheng, Minhua Wen, James Lin, Yongxing Shen, Hua Bao*

TPEC Lab (Contact: Gift-BTE@outlook.com)

Website: https://sites.ji.sjtu.edu.cn/hua-bao/

Global Institute of Future Technology (GIFT)

Shanghai Jiao Tong University